Touch Bar Tips

The Touch Bar on MacBook Pro (15-inch, Late 2016) and MacBook Pro (13-inch, Late 2016, Four Thunderbolt 3 Ports) replaces the function keys at the top of your keyboard and gives you quick access to commands on your Mac. It changes automatically based on what you’re doing and apps that you’re using.

If you need access to function keys (F1–F12), hold down the Function (fn) key at the bottom-left of your keyboard. Touch Bar changes to show the function keys for you to select, and then it returns to its previous state when you release the Function key.

For some apps, you can make the function keys display permanently in Touch Bar:

  1. In System Preferences, choose Keyboard.
  2. Click Shortcuts.
  3. From the left sidebar, select Function Keys.
  4. Click the “+” symbol, then navigate to the app and select it.

Now when you open or switch to this app, Touch Bar always displays the function keys.


You can also use an on-screen keyboard to access function keys:

  1. From System Preferences, select Keyboard.
  2. Check “Show Keyboard, Emoji and symbol viewers in menu bar”.
  3. Choose the viewer icon  in the menu bar, then choose Show Keyboard Viewer.

An on-screen keyboard appears with function keys that you can click.

Find system controls and settings in the Control Strip

When you start up your MacBook Pro, the Control Strip on the right side of the Touch Bar shows a few familiar buttons like volume, mute, and display brightness, as well as Siri. The Escape (Esc) button appears on the left side of the Touch Bar.

System controls: Tap  in the Control Strip and it expands, showing system controls like brightness, Exposé, Launchpad, and media playback:

Make your adjustments, then tap . The Control Strip returns to its smaller version on the right side of the Touch Bar, with Esc showing on the left side. You can always tap  to expand the Control Strip and see all the system controls.

Function buttons: To use the F1–F12 function buttons in the Touch Bar, hold the Function (fn) key at the bottom left of your keyboard. The function keys appear:

Learn more about using function keys on MacBook Pro with Touch Bar.

As you use your Mac, the Touch Bar changes automatically based on what you’re doing to show relevant tools that you already know how to use. Read on for examples of what the Touch Bar can do in your favorite apps, and learn how to customize the Touch Bar to make it your own.

Use Touch Bar controls in apps

Many of the built-in apps on your Mac have Touch Bar controls that make common actions even easier. And your favorite third-party apps can take advantage of Touch Bar as well.

Here’s a look at what Touch Bar can do in some popular Mac apps. Explore your other favorite apps to see what Touch Bar offers.


Navigate and view: In Finder, tap the arrows in the Touch Bar to move back and forth among items, and tap  to view items in Quick Look.

View and sort: Tap  to see options for viewing and sorting your files and folders.

Share: Tap  to see options for sharing your files.

Tag: Tap  to see tags you can apply to items.


Visit your favorites: In Safari, tap a favorite website in Touch Bar to open it.

Navigate and search: Click the right or left arrow button to go backward or forward. Tap the search field to begin a search, or tap  to open a new tab.


Perform common tasks: You can use the Touch Bar in Mail for composing, replying, archiving, marking as junk, and flagging messages.

Use predictive input: In Mail and other apps where you compose text, the Touch Bar predicts as you type. Tap a word or emoji to insert it.

Format your text: As you type a message, select some text and the Touch Bar shows you formatting options like bold, italic, and lists.

Say it with emoji: In apps like Mail and Messages, you can choose emoji instead of words for a fun way to make your point. Tap  to see the emoji you use most, and then tap an emoji to insert it.


Speed through your library: In Photos, the Touch Bar speeds your search for just the right photo as you slide your finger across the thumbnails. You can tap  to mark a selected photo as a favorite or tap  rotate it.

Edit your photos: After you select a photo, tap  to see editing options (crop, filters, adjust, retouch, and red-eye). You can edit your photo using controls that appear on the Touch Bar.


Find yourself: In Maps, tap  in the Touch Bar to find your location. Tap the search field to type where you want to go.

See what’s nearby: The Touch Bar shows buttons with categories of nearby locations, like restaurants, hotels, and gas stations.

Get there: When you select a location to visit, you see options for getting directions, calling the business, or viewing its website.


Take a note: In Notes, tap  in the Touch Bar to create a new note. Tap  to add a checklist item.

Format your text: Tap  to show buttons for aligning text and applying bold, italic, or underscore styles.

Apply styles: Tap  to apply paragraph styles like numbered lists, bulleted lists, or headings.


See your day: In Calendar, tap the Today button to see today’s events, or slide across the Touch Bar to select the month—past or future.

Edit your events: Select an event in your calendar, then tap to get the event details, edit the time or place, and add or delete invitees.


Control your calls: In FaceTime, you can make and answer calls, get caller info, and send a message or email when you can’t talk—all from the Touch Bar.

Customize your Touch Bar

In many apps, like Finder, Mail, and Safari, you can customize the Touch Bar.

Choose View > Customize Touch Bar. The customization window appears on your display, allowing you to choose your favorite items:

When you’re customizing the Touch Bar, its buttons jiggle, and you see the Done button on the left side.

Use your cursor to drag items that you want down into the Touch Bar. You can also drag items left and right within the Touch Bar to rearrange them, or drag them up and out of the Touch Bar to remove them.

Tap Done in the Touch Bar or click Done on the screen when you finish.

To customize the Control Strip, select View > Customize Touch Bar in any app that supports customization, then touch the Control Strip region of the Touch Bar to switch to Control Strip customization. You can also customize the Control Strip in the Keyboard section of System Preferences.

Explore and experiment

Most apps include shortcuts, tools, and controls in the Touch Bar for the tasks that you want to do. Tap around to see what you can accomplish quickly and easily.

It’s often easier to tap the Touch Bar than to click or select items onscreen. For example, open Calculator and do quick calculations with the number keys and the functions on the Touch Bar—without moving your cursor, clicking, and typing.

Keep using the Touch Bar to find the best ways to do what you want, and explore your favorite third-party apps as they add a new dimension with Touch Bar features.

Use accessibility options with Touch Bar

The accessibility features that help you use your Mac can also help you use the Touch Bar. Hold the Command key while you press Touch ID (power button) three times to toggle VoiceOver, which reads aloud Touch Bar commands.

Use VoiceOver with Touch Bar

VoiceOver tells you what’s on your screen, and walks you through actions like selecting a menu option or activating a button using your keyboard or trackpad. It can also tell you what’s on your Touch Bar.

To turn VoiceOver on or off, hold the Command key and triple-press the Touch ID button, which is on the right side of Touch Bar at the top of your keyboard:


After you turn on VoiceOver, you can use these gestures with Touch Bar:

  • Move one finger over the Touch Bar to change the Touch Bar focus and have VoiceOver announce the element under your finger.
  • Swipe left or right with one finger to move the Touch Bar focus to the previous or next Touch Bar element.
  • Double-tap anywhere on the Touch Bar to activate the element under the Touch Bar focus.
  • Split-tap (touch an item with one finger, then tap the Touch Bar with another) to activate the element under the first finger you use.
  • Double-tap and hold to enter direct touch mode for the element under the Touch Bar focus. This allows you to adjust sliders.

Use Touch Bar Zoom

If you use the Zoom feature on your Mac, you can also turn on Touch Bar Zoom.

Select Apple menu () > System Preferences. Then click on Accessibility, select Zoom, and turn on Enable Touch Bar Zoom.

Here’s what you can do after you turn on Touch Bar Zoom:

  • Touch and drag with one finger on the Touch Bar to see a zoomed view of the Touch Bar on your display.
  • Change the magnification level by holding down the Command key and use a two-finger pinch gesture.
  • While panning with one finger, quickly tap with a second finger to synthesize a tap where your first finger is. Hold the second finger down and move both fingers together to synthesize a tap down and drag where your first finger is.
  • Hold your finger still in one location to enter direct-touch mode, which allows you to interact directly with the control under your finger.

Use Switch Control with Touch Bar

You can use Switch Control to display Touch Bar on your MacBook Pro screen. This lets you access Touch Bar elements with standard pointer controls.

First, turn on Switch Control:

  1. Choose Apple menu > System Preferences, click Accessibility, then click Switch Control.
  2. Click General, then select Enable Switch Control. The Switch Control Home Panel appears on your desktop.

Next, toggle Touch Bar:

  1. In the Switch Control Home Panel, click System.
  2. Click Toggle Touch Bar to show or hide Touch Bar.

Learn more about using pointer controls.

Use Accessibility Options to turn on other features

macOS features an Accessibility Options window that lets you quickly turn on or off common accessibility features like Zoom, VoiceOver, Sticky Keys, and more. To bring up this window on your MacBook Pro, triple-press the Touch ID button.

Dock Tips

The Dock is the bar of icons that sits at the bottom or side of your screen. It provides easy access to many of the apps that come with your Mac (like MailSafari, and Messages). You can add your own apps, documents and folders to the Dock, too.

image of the Dock

To use an item in the Dock, click its icon. If you want to listen to some music, click the iTunes icon (the icon with music notes) to open iTunes. To check your email, click the Mail icon (it looks like a stamp).

When an application is open, the Dock displays an illuminated dash beneath the application’s icon. To make any currently running application the active one, click its icon in the Dock.

Organizing the Dock

The Dock keeps apps on its left side. Folders, documents, and minimized windows are kept on the right side of the Dock. If you look closely, you can see a vertical separator line that separates these two sides.

the trash icon in the dock

If you want to rearrange where an icon appears on the Dock, just drag it to another location in the Dock. The Trash and the Finder are special items, so they are always present at each end of the Dock.

Adding and removing Dock items

If you want to add an application to the Dock, click the Launchpad icon in the Dock. Then, drag an app icon from the Launchpad to the Dock. The icons in the Dock move aside to make room for the new item. If you want to add a file or folder to the Dock, just drag its icon from any Finder window (or the desktop) and drop it on the Dock.

To remove an item from the Dock, drag its icon an inch or more off the Dock and wait a couple seconds. Then release the icon and it disappears in a poof of smoke.

dragging an icon off the Dock

Removing an item from the Dock doesn’t permanently remove it from your computer. If you want that item back in the Dock, locate the app, file, or folder in the Finder or Launchpad, and simply drag it back into the Dock.

Learn more

To learn more about the Dock, click a topic below. You can also search for the word “Dock” from the Help menu at the top of your screen.

Minimizing Windows

If you minimize a window (click the round, yellow button in the upper-left corner of any window), the window is pulled down into the Dock. It’s held there until you click its icon to bring up the window again.



You can also choose how to display folders in the Dock. You can either view them as a folder icon, or as a stack.

dock stack

Stacks display a folder’s contents as a fan or grid when you click them in the Dock. Learn more about Stacks here.


The Trash

The Dock includes the Trash (its icon looks like a waste basket). Drag any documents you no longer want to the Trash to get rid of them.

When you move items to the Trash, you haven’t completely deleted them. You can click the Trash icon in the Dock to see what it contains. When you’re ready to permanently delete files or folders that you’ve dragged to the Trash, click and hold the Trash icon in the Dock and choose Empty Trash.

the trash icon in the dock

If you drag a disk or other mounted volume to the Trash, it changes to an eject icon to let you know that this action ejects or removes the item rather than erasing or deleting it.

eject icon in dock


If you don’t see the Dock

You can also set the Dock so that it isn’t visible until you need it. If you don’t see the dock, try moving your pointer to the bottom or side of your screen to see if it appears. To turn Dock hiding on or off, choose Dock > Turn Hiding On or Turn Hiding Off from the Apple () menu.


Continuity Tips

Use Continuity to connect your iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, and Mac

Continuity lets you seamlessly move between your iOS devices and your Mac, or use them together.

Continuity on Mac, iPhone, and iPad
Continuity features include Handoff, iPhone Cellular Calls, SMS, and Instant Hotspot. For example, you can start an email or document on your iPhone and pick up where you left off on your iPad. Or you can use your iPad or Mac to make and receive phone calls through your iPhone.

Before you begin

To use Continuity, check that your iOS device or Mac meets the system requirements for this feature.


With Handoff, you can start a document, email, or message on one device and pick up where you left off from another device. Handoff works with Apple apps like Mail, Safari, Maps, Messages, Reminders, Calendar, Contacts, Pages, Numbers, and Keynote. Some third-party apps are also compatible.

Set up Handoff

  • Check that you’re signed in to iCloud with the same Apple ID on all of your devices.
  • Turn on Bluetooth on all of your devices and connect them to the same Wi-Fi network.
  • Make sure that your devices are near each other.

Use Handoff

  1. On one of your devices, open a compatible app, like Mail or Pages.
  2. Use the app to start a task, like writing an email or a document.
  3. Then you can switch to a different iOS device or Mac. If you switch to a Mac, you can press Command-Tab to pick up where you left off, or you can click the app icon in your Dock:
    Continuity in the Dock on a Mac
    If you switch to a different iOS device, there are two ways to pick up where you left off:
Continuity on iPhoneYou can swipe up from the bottom-left edge of the Lock screen, where you see the app’s activity icon mail icon in iOS  . 
Find Continuity app on multitasking screen of iPhoneOr if you aren’t on the Lock screen, double-click the Home button. On the multitasking screen that appears, tap the banner at the bottom of your screen.

Turn off Handoff

If you want to turn off Handoff on your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch, go to Settings > General > Handoff & Suggested Apps. Then turn off Handoff.

On your Mac, go to System Preferences > General. Then uncheck the Allow Handoff setting.

iPhone Cellular Calls

With Continuity, make or receive calls from iPad, iPod touch, or Mac

With Continuity, you can make and receive cellular phone calls from your iPad, iPod touch, or Mac when your iPhone is on the same Wi-Fi network.

Your carrier might support Wi-Fi calling on other devices. If so, you can set up your Mac and other iOS devices to make and receive calls even when your iPhone isn’t on or nearby. 

Set up iPhone Cellular Calls

  • You need iOS 8 or later on your iOS devices and OS X Yosemite or later on your Mac.
  • Check that you’re signed in to iCloud with the same Apple ID on all of your devices.
  • Use the same Wi-Fi network on all of your devices.
  • Sign in to FaceTime with the same Apple ID on all of your devices. This means any device that shares your Apple ID will get your phone calls. If you don’t want to receive calls on your other devices, learn what to do.

Make a call or answer a call

  • To make a phone call on your Mac, find a contact’s phone number in Contacts, Calendar, or Safari. Hover over the number and click the phone icon that appears to the right of the number.
  • To make a phone call on your iPad or iPod touch, tap or click a phone number in Contacts, Calendar, or Safari.
  • On your iPad or iPod touch, you can slide to answer a phone call. On your Mac, a notification appears when someone calls your iPhone. Then you can answer the call, send it to voicemail, or send the caller a message, right from your Mac.

Turn off iPhone Cellular Calls

To turn off iPhone cellular calls on your iPad or iPod touch, go to Settings > FaceTime and turn off iPhone Cellular Calls.

On your Mac, open the FaceTime app and go to FaceTime > Preferences. Click Settings and deselect the iPhone Cellular Calls option.


With Continuity, send text messages from your Mac, iPad, or iPod touch

With Continuity, all the SMS and MMS text messages that you send and receive on your iPhone can also appear on your Mac, iPad, and iPod touch. You can also reply to your contacts from whichever device is closest to you, including your iPad or Mac.

You can start a conversation in the Messages app or click a phone number in Safari, Contacts, or Calendar.

Set up SMS and MMS with Continuity

  1. You need iOS 8 or later on your iOS devices and OS X Yosemite or later on your Mac.
  2. Sign in to iMessage with the same Apple ID on your iPhone, your other iOS devices, and your Mac.
  3. On your iPhone, go to Settings > Messages > Send & Receive. Add a check to both your phone number and email address. Then go to Settings > Messages > Text Message Forwarding and enable the device or devices that you want to forward messages to.
  4. Look for a code on the Mac, iPad, or iPod touch that you enabled. Then enter this verification code on your iPhone.


Instant Hotspot

With Continuity, you can use Instant Hotspot on your iPhone to provide Internet to other devices

With Instant Hotspot, you can use Personal Hotspot on your iOS device to provide Internet access to your other devices, without having to enter your password.

Set up Personal Hotspot

Sign in to iCloud with the same Apple ID on each of your devices. Then check that your cellular provider has provisioned Personal Hotspot.

Use Personal Hotspot

  • You can use Personal Hotspot on one iOS device to provide Internet to another iOS device: For example, to get online on your iPad through Personal Hotspot on your iPhone, go to Settings > Wi-Fi on your iPad. Then tap the network under Personal Hotspots that’s named for your iPhone.
  • You can also use Personal Hotspot on your iOS device to provide Internet to your Mac: Go to the Wi-Fi menu at the top of your Mac screen. Then select the network named for your iOS device.

System requirements for Continuity on iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, and Mac

Continuity lets you seamlessly move between your iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, and Mac, or use them together. You can use Continuity features on the devices listed below.

Continuity features include Handoff, Instant Hotspot, Phone Calling, and SMS. Here are the device requirements by feature.

Handoff and Instant Hotspot

Handoff and Instant Hotspot are supported by the following Mac models, and require OS X Yosemite or later:

  • MacBook Air (Mid 2012 and later)
  • MacBook Pro (Mid 2012 and later)
  • MacBook (Retina, 12-inch, Early 2015)
  • iMac (Late 2012 and later)
  • Mac mini (Late 2012 and later)
  • Mac Pro (Late 2013)

Handoff is supported by the following iOS devices and requires iOS 8 or later. Instant Hotspot requires one of these iPhone or iPad devices with cellular connectivity and iOS 8.1 or later. Instant Hotspot also requires Personal Hotspot service through your carrier.

  • iPhone 5 or later
  • iPad Pro
  • iPad (4th generation)
  • iPad Air or later
  • iPad mini or later
  • iPod touch (5th generation) or later

Phone calling

This feature requires an iPhone with iOS 8.1 or later and an activated carrier plan. You can make and receive calls through your iPhone using Continuity on other iOS devices with iOS 8 or later, and on any Mac with OS X Yosemite or later.

If your Mac doesn’t include a built-in microphone (Mac mini, Mac Pro), you need to connect an external microphone or headset to make phone calls using this feature.


This feature requires an iPhone with iOS 8.1 or later and an activated carrier plan. You can send and receive and SMS messages through your iPhone using Continuity on other iOS devices with iOS 8 or later, and on any Mac with OS X Yosemite or later.


Safari Tips

1. Cut through your bookmarks clutter

Overwhelmed by bookmarks? The first step is to organize them into folders (Bookmarks > Add Bookmark Folder). The next step is to organize the bookmarks within the folders. It’s not hard if you use the Finder to alphabetize them.

Go to your bookmarks window (Bookmarks > Show All Bookmarks or Command-Option-B), and drag a folder from the Bookmarks sidebar to the Desktop. This action copies the folder to the Desktop, and the contents automatically sort by name.

You can’t drag a folder directly into the Safari sidebar; so, instead, drop your sorted folder into the list area of the Bookmarks window, and then drag it from there to the sidebar. Unlike in the Finder, folders with the same name can exist in the same location in Safari, which means now you’ll have two. After you place the organized folder, delete the original.

2. Easily share pages through email

Safari 6 makes it simple to share content you see on the Web. Click the newShare button in the Safari 6 toolbar to do so quickly. There you have the option to email the page, add a bookmark, add the page to your Reading List, or send a link to it through Message, Twitter, or Facebook.

Selecting ‘Email this Page’ from Safari 6’s Share button menu (or from the File menu’s Share submenu) sends you to Mail.

If you tend to email webpages, you might think this button offers little advantage over the File > Share submenu. When you use that menu, you can choose between mailing a webpage or just its link by pressing the Shift key while selecting. (If you’re using keyboard shortcuts, press Command-I or Command-Shift-I, respectively). But no matter how you start, you wind up in Apple’s Mail, where you can change your mind about how to send the page and choose from two more options.

In Mail, look above the message area to see the easy-to-miss ‘Send Web Content As’ menu on the right. This menu lets you send the webpage itself, a link to the page, a PDF of the page, or a version that matches what you see in Safari’s Reader window (View > Show Reader). The Reader version includes easy-to-read type, no ads, and multipage articles threaded together in a single document. The application remembers the option you choose for the next time you use the Share command. Note that the Reader option isn’t available for all webpages; if View > Show Reader works on the page in Safari, you’ll be able to send it that way, too.

In Mail, use the ‘Send Web Content As’ menu (circled) to choose how to send the webpage.

3. Get what you want with modified clicks on links

Safari has long let you Command-click a link to open it in a tab. (This default behavior is set up in Safari > Preferences, under the Tabs pane.) Safari 6 adds two new link-clicking options: Shift-click to send the linked page to the Reading List, or Option-click to download it to your Downloads folder. But that’s just basic information.

Here’s the tip: Watch the status bar at the bottom of the window (choose View > Show Status Bar if it’s not there) to check what your modified click will do. This crib sheet is especially helpful when you’re adding the Shift key to a window- or tab-opening click to toggle between having the link open in the foreground or the background. There are a lot of modifier options to remember. If you give up on learning your modified-click behaviors even with the status-bar crib sheet, you can always Control-click a link to see a list of options.

The status bar tells you what will happen when you click a link. At the top is an unmodified click: The destination page will fill the current window.

4. Reverse your ‘never save password’ decision

You enter a password for a webpage, Safari asks if you want to save it, and you click ‘Never for this Website’. But what if you have second thoughts? You can rescind your decision because, although the password wasn’t saved, your “never” choice was. Choose Safari > Preferences, and click the Passwords tab. Select the site in the list (it will say ‘Passwords Never Saved’ in the User Name column) and click the Remove button. Visit the site again, and this time let Safari remember your password.

iOS Safari Tips

Smart search field

Safari on iOS 7 has a unified “smart search field” that allows you to type the url of the website or search for text. When you start typing, it displays the top url hit, suggestions from Google Search or your favorite search engine, your Bookmarks and history, and results of the text search on the webpage in real-time. To save you time, Safari also preloads the top hit result.

safari smart search

Quickly type web addresses

To quickly type commonly used domain name extensions when entering a website address in Safari, long tap the “.” key to get a list of extensions, including ones specific to your region.

ios 7 keyboard dot com 1

Safari Reader

You can tap on the icon to the left of the smart search field to access the Safari Reader feature, which displays web articles without ads or clutter. The icon turns white when the Reader functionality is activated.


Increase or decrease font size

As you might know, iOS 7 introduces a way to globally set the text size for apps that support “Dynamic type”. Safari doesn’t apply this font size to webpages, but the Reader mode does respect this setting. To set your preferred font size, go to Settings > General > Text Size and adjust the slider according to your needs.


Add websites to favorites

  • When you open a new tab, you’ll notice that Safari shows you a grid of websites with their favicons so that you can have one-tap access to your favorite websites. You can rearrange the icons by long pressing any one of them, and dragging it to the position you want, much like how you arrange home screen icons.


  • To add a website as a favorite, tap on the share button, then tap on Bookmark and add it to the Favorites folder.


  • You have the option to select which folder should be the favorites folder via the Settings app (Settings > Safari > Favorites).


  • Safari also syncs your bookmarks (including your favorites) using iCloud. So bookmarks from Safari on the Mac, or from Chrome, IE or Firefox on Windows (via iCloud Control Panel) will sync to iOS and vice versa.

Shared links

  • Safari on iOS 7 has a cool new “Shared Links” view that shows links shared by people you follow on Twitter.

shared links 1

  • Tapping any of the links will open the page in a new tab, with the tweet displayed at the top for additional context.

shared links 2

Reading list

  • If you’ve come across a long article that you find interesting but don’t want to read right now, you can add it to Safari’s Reading List, which syncs across all your iOS devices and Macs.
  • You can save items to your Reading List by tapping the share button in Safari, then tapping on the glass icon. iOS 7 also lets third parties add items to Safari’s reading list, so you could even add links from the Share menu in apps.


  • You can access your Reading List by tapping the Bookmarks icon in Safari’s toolbar, and switching to the tab with the Glasses icon.


Search on current page

  • To search for something on the current webpage, type your search text in the new smart search field, and right at the bottom, you’ll see a section called “On This Page” that shows you the number of matches.

find on page 1

  • On tapping the last cell under the “On This Page”, Safari will take you to the first occurrence of your search text on the current page, and from there you can jump through all the occurrences using the back and forward button at the bottom.

find on page 2

Close and reorder tabs

  • To close a webpage, just swipe a tab offscreen to the left or tap on the x button. Sadly, you can close only one tab at a time, and there is no option to close all tabs.

close tab safari

  • You can also reorder tabs by tapping and holding on a tab, and moving it to the place you want it.

rearrange tab safari

  • Not very useful, but the tabs in the tab switcher view react to device movement by moving in the opposite direction.

iCloud tabs

iCloud tabs let you access the tabs you’ve opened on your Mac on your iOS device and vice versa. You can access your iCloud tabs, by scrolling down beyond your local tabs. They’re displayed as a list against a translucent background, sorted by device.

icloud tabs

(Screenshot via)

Full screen view

Screen real estate is quite important for web browsing, and in iOS 7, the address bar and the toolbar disappear when you’re browsing, and shows you the content with domain name of the website in the status bar.


Go back to the top

Tap just above the top of the smart search field to go to the top of the page, so you don’t have to spend time swiping down.

Quickly unhide toolbar and address bar

Of course the full screen mode might become annoying when you want to switch tabs, since the toolbar isn’t visible. To bring it back quickly, just tap at the bottom of the screen. Here’s a video demo:

Private browsing

  • It is easier and quicker to turn on or turn off private browsing session in iOS 7 Safari. To enable or disable private browsing, enter the tab switcher view by tapping the tab button at the bottom, followed by the Private button on the bottom left corner. (In iOS 6, you had to go through the hassle of accessing the Settings app to enable or disable Private browsing.)


  • You’ll see the interface change to black to help you differentiate between private and normal browsing mode.
  • Note that Safari’s private browsing mode is much safer than the one on other third-party browsers, including Chrome’s incognito mode, since they may preserve your private searches even after you exit private browsing.

Restrict websites

You can restrict certain websites from loading in Safari by using iOS’ inbuilt parental control tools. Open Settings and navigate to General > Restrictions > Websites under Allowed Content and you can:

  • Limit Adult content


  • Blacklist certain websites
  • Allow access to specific websites only. Apple has added a list of children friendly websites like Discovery Kids, Disney, National Geographic – Kids etc. Parents can also add a website by tapping on the “Add a Website” option.


Gestures to go back and forward

Instead of using buttons, you can use edge-swipe gestures to navigate between webpages. Swipe from the left edge to go back one page and swipe from the right edge to go forward. These gestures are very useful in full screen mode, since you don’t have the buttons immediately available.


Quickly open a webpage in Chrome

If you use Chrome, but arrived in Safari because iOS can’t set a default web browser, you can quickly open the same page in Chrome by replacing the “http://” in the smart search field with “googlechrome://”. If there’s no http in the URL, simply prepend “googlechrome://” in the field and press go.


Add a Credit Card

If you do a lot of purchases on your iPhone, you’ll be happy to know that you can add your credit card information to Safari’s autofill, so that you don’t have to manually fill it again. To enter your credit card info, open Settings and navigate to Safari > Passwords and AutoFill > Saved Credit Cards > Add Credit Card.


Share a page using AirDrop

You can share a URL with people nearby using the new AirDrop feature in iOS 7. Tap on the share button in the toolbar at the bottom, followed by AirDrop. Then tap on the Contact from the list to send the URL. Check this post for a video walkthrough of how to use the AirDrop feature.

See page load progress of all tabs on iPad

On iPad, Apple utilises the tab bar to show the page load progress of each of the tabs by using thin blue progress bars. Pretty useful if you open a lot of tabs at once, and don’t want to switch to each one of them, just to view its progress.

tab progress

Recently closed tabs on iPad

If you’ve mistakenly closed a tab, or simply want to open a tab you’ve closed from your last browsing session, just tap and hold the “+” button on the iPad to see a list of all your recently closed tabs.

closed tabs

Access History:

You can access the browser history for a particular tab with a long tap on the back or forward button, so you can quickly jump to the site you had visited. Thanks drumrobot for the tip!

Here’s the video walkthrough of the tips for Safari on the iPhone:

Safari Tips

The Safari web browser window
Below is a typical Safari window in OS X. Some of the window elements can be customized, as described below.

  1. Show the previous page / Show the next page *
  2. The “+” button to add Bookmark, Reading List or Top Sites for the current webpage loaded *
  3. Smart Address (URL) Field / History and Bookmark search field (blue progress bar appears when loading a webpage) *
  4. Bookmarks bar, includes icons on the left for Reading List, Bookmarks and Top Sites
  5. Tabbed browsing bar
  6. RSS feed icon; other icons that may appear there include Reader, Private (see below)
  7. Reload / Stop / Progress button (if there is a progress indicator, hover the cursor over to see the stop button)
  8. View recent searches / search engine selection button
  9. Smart Search Field *
  10. Add Tab button
  11. Search field SnapBack (visible after loading a webpage from a search)
  12. Full Screen Browsing button, OS X only.
  13. Scrollbar, in OS X only appears when you scroll

* Collectively, these elements make up the Safari toolbar. You can customize the Safari toolbar if you wish, as described below.

Note: In OS X Lion you can resize any corner or edge of the Safari window. Click and drag the corner or edge you would like to resize.

Reading List
The Reading List is a quick way to add a link to a webpage you want to read later. It will keep track of what webpages have been read. iCloud keeps your reading list up-to-date on all your devices. Once you are done with the webpage, you can remove it from the reading list.
Tip: Click the “Unread” button in the Reading List column to only see webpages you haven’t read yet. Click the “All” button to see all webpages in the Reading List.

To add webpages to the Reading List, use one of these methods:

  • Click the “+” button (item 2) then select “Reading List” from the pop-up menu.
  • Shift (⇧) click a link on a webpage.
  • Click “Add Page” button at the top of the Reading List column. Note: Click the Reading List icon (item 4) to show / hide the Reading List.
  • Select Bookmarks > Add to Reading List
  • Press shift-command-d (⇧⌘D)

Note: You will see a Safari icon fly to the Reading List icon when you add a webpage.

To remove webpages from the Reading List, use one of these methods:

  • Click the “x” icon that appears on the right of the webpage preview in the Reading List column when the cursor hovers over it.
  • Control click on the webpage preview in the Reading list and select “Remove item”
  • Click the “Clear All” button in the Reading List column then click the “Clear” button in the confirmation sheet to clear all webpages.

Multi-Touch Gestures in OS X
Multi-Touch is built into Safari in OS X, so you can tap, scroll, and swipe your way around the web.

Two finger side to side swipe to navigate: Swipe forward (to the left) and back (to the right), and the web pages you visit slide in and out of the Safari window.

Double-tap to zoom: Double-tap the trackpad with two fingers to magnify part of a web page. Double-tap again to return to the original size.

Pinch to zoom: Zoom in and out of web pages more precisely. Just move your thumb and finger to pinch in or out.

Two finger scroll: Slide two fingers up or down the trackpad to scroll through websites. Momentum scrolling makes browsing feel even more natural.

Full Screen Browsing in OS X
Click the full screen button for Safari to enter full screen mode. Safari will move to its own space and expand to fill the screen. Press the escape (esc) key on the keyboard to exit full screen mode.

Resume in OS X
When you open Safari or restart the Mac, Safari automatically restores the open windows and tabs from your last browsing session, so you can continue right where you left off.

Tip: To open Safari without resume, hold down the shift key (⇧) as you open Safari. Safari will then open with the options you selected in the “General” tab of Safari preferences, options like your homepage.

In Mac OS X v10.6 and Microsoft Windows, you can choose to have Safari automatically restore your windows in the “General” tab of Safari preferences.

Safari Reader
Safari Reader can remove ads and other visual distractions from online articles. It works like this: As you browse the web, Safari detects if you’re on a webpage with an article. Click the Reader icon that appears on the right of the Smart Address Field (item 3) or press ⇧⌘R (Shift-Command-R), and the article appears instantly in one continuous, clutter-free view. You see every page of the article–whether there are two or twenty. Onscreen controls appear when you hover the cursor near the bottom center of the Reader webpage. These let you zoom in and out, email or print Reader content, and close the Reader. Change the size of the text, and Safari remembers it the next time you view an article in Safari Reader.
Set your homepage
A home page is the webpage that your browser starts with when you open it or open a new window. To set your Safari homepage:

  1. Navigate to the webpage you would like to set as your homepage (such as )
  2. Choose Safari > Preferences…, or press ⌘, (Command-comma)
  3. Click the General icon
  4. Click “Set to Current Page”

Smart Address (URL) Field / History and Bookmark search field

You can easily type or paste web addresses here to search. As you begin to type an address in the address field, Safari automatically completes it with the most likely match called the Top Hit and highlights it. Simply press the Enter key to connect to the highlighted site.

If the Top Hit is not the site you intended to visit, check the list of relevant suggestions, which are drawn from your bookmarks and browsing history, that Safari displays. Click the site you want to visit or use the arrow keys to highlight the site, then hit Enter.

You can also type or paste the full web address if you wish.

Smart Search field 
Here you can choose your search engine: Google, Yahoo!, or Bing.

This field lets you find what you’re looking for instantly. As you enter text:

  • Safari recommends relevant searches via your selected search engine
  • Lists your most recent searches
  • Lists search engines to choose from
  • Helps you find text on the webpage Safari has loaded

Improving your searches

  • Use quotation marks to find the exact phrase.
  • If you are looking for an article about “Troubleshooting printer connections” put quotation marks around the phrase as shown.
  • Confine your search to a specific website or subdomain of the website.
  • To confine your search results to a website, you can add site:[website] to your search. For example, entering: “Troubleshooting printer connections” …will show webpages only from
  • To confine your search results to a subdomain of a website, you can add site:[] to your search. For example, entering: “Troubleshooting printer connections” …will show webpages of only the support section of the website.

 How to exclude a word(s) in your results.

  • To exclude words from your search results, use a hyphen ahead of the word(s) that you would like to exclude. For example, entering: “Troubleshooting printer connections” -discussions …will search for the exact phrase of “Troubleshooting printer connections” on the Apple support website that do not contain the word “discussions”.

Customize the toolbar
If you want to change the items that are on your Safari toolbar, or restore an item that was accidentally removed:

  1. Choose View > Customize Toolbar…
  2. The sheet shown below will appear, allowing you to add and arrange items on the Toolbar by dragging them to where you would like them to appear.

For example, you can add items such as the “Open in Dashboard” tool by dragging it from the customize Toolbar sheet to the Safari Toolbar.
Or, you can drag the default set into your toolbar, if you want to restore it to default.

Top Sites
Safari automatically identifies your favorite sites and displays them as a wall of graphic previews. To visit one of your top sites, click its preview. As you browse, Safari identifies the websites you’re most interested in based on how often and how recently you visit a site. As you explore the web and discover new websites, your Top Sites will change to match your tastes.
Graphic previews with a star icon in their upper-right corner indicate new content is on that webpage since you last visited it.

Whenever you want to return to your Top Sites page, click the Show Top Sites button  in the bookmarks bar.

To manually add a webpage to Top Sites:

  1. Navigate to the webpage in Safari.
  2. Drag the website icon  located in the left side of the smart Address (URL) / History and Bookmark search field, to the Show Top Sites bookmark bar item . This will add the graphic preview of the website to the upper-left position in Top Sites.

To customize Top Sites, click the Edit button.

  • To see 24 graphic previews click the Small tab. To see 12 graphic previews click the Medium tab. To see 6 graphic previews click the Large tab.
  • To arrange the order of your graphic previews, click and drag a graphic preview to the location on the Top Sites grid where you would like it to appear.
  • To remove a top site, click the X icon in the upper left of the graphic preview.
  • To lock a top site, click the “Push Pin” icon in the upper left of the graphic preview. The icon will turn blue when locked. Click it again to unlock.

Full History Search
Instantly find pages you visited in the past with Full History Search. To find a page you want, enter your search term(s) in the Search History field in Top Sites. You can search for anything that was on a page you visited, including metadata-like photo captions. There’s no need to remember page titles or complex URLs. Safari displays search results using Cover Flow, so you can flip through large graphic previews to quickly pick out the site you’re looking for.

A date indicator helps you sort through your history.

Full-page zoom to change the size of webpage text and graphics
Zoom in or out on web content using keyboard shortcuts, Multi-Touch gestures, or the Zoom toolbar button for more comfortable reading. Images and graphics scale up while text remains razor sharp, keeping the webpage layout consistent as you zoom. To add the Zoom button to your toolbar, simply choose Customize Toolbar from the View menu and drag the button onto your toolbar.

Use keyboard shortcuts: 
⌘+ (Command-plus) to zoom in
⌘- (Command-hyphen) to zoom out.

On a multi-touch trackpad you can pinch out to zoom in, and pinch in to zoom out.
At any time you can also press ⌘0 (Command-zero), or choose View >; Actual Size to return the webpage contents to the default size.

Private Browsing
For privacy, you can choose Safari > Private Browsing…

When you surf the web using a shared or public Mac, Private Browsing can protect your personal information. You can check your email at the library, or shop for birthday presents on the family Mac. When you turn on Private Browsing, Safari doesn’t remember the pages you visit, your search history, or your AutoFill information.

In Safari, a “PRIVATE” button appears on the right side of the smart Address (URL) field when you are in Private Browsing. Click it to see a “Turn off private browsing” confirmation sheet.

Clearing history
Safari keep tracks of webpages you’ve recently visited. If you want to manually clear your browsing history, click on the “Clear History…” button in History search or choose History > Clear History…

If you want Safari to automatically clear the history after a certain period of time, not at all, from the Safari menu choose Preferences… > General . From the “Remove history items:” pop-up menu, choose your preferred setting (After one day, After one week, After two weeks, After one month, After one year, or Manually). The default setting is “After one month”.

Until you close the Safari 5.1 window, you can still click the Show the previous page / Show the next page buttons to return to webpages you have opened.

Searching for words in a page
To quickly find a word or phrase that’s on a webpage, either press ⌘F (Command-F), or choose Edit > Find > Find…, and type the word or phrase to find. Press ⌘G (Command-G) or click the forward-pointing triangle to the left of the search field to see the next occurrence of that text on the page.

Safari Extensions
Extensions are a great way to customize Safari. Safari Extensions are built with web standards such as HTML5, CSS3, and JavaScript. They can have all the power and functionality of advanced web applications.

For example, there may be an extension that provides a toolbar showing you how your favorite sports team is faring in today’s game, or a contextual menu item that sends a link to a social networking site.

All extensions are digitally signed for improved security.

You can view a list of featured extensions by choosing Safari > Safari Extension Gallery. Find one you like and install it with one click. There’s no need to restart Safari.

As your list of extensions grows, you can easily manage them in the Extensions pane of Safari Preferences. If you want your extensions to update automatically, enable “Install Updates Automatically” option in the “Extensions” pane of Safari preferences.

How to disable Java web plug-in ?


To disable the Java web plug-in in Safari, follow these steps:
  • In Safari, choose Safari > Preferences or press Command-comma (⌘-,)
  • Click “Security”.
  • Uncheck (deselect) “Enable Java”.
  • Close the Safari preferences window.

Additional Information

  • Click this link for information about how to disable the Java web plug-in in Chrome.
  • Click this link for information about how to disable the Java web plug-in in Firefox.


Restart the Flash plugin without quitting Safari 

Safari will often get stalled out and need to be restarted. In many cases, this can be traced to the Flash plugin getting overloaded. You can quite simply restart just the Flash plugin and make Safari work properly again.

You will need to use the Terminal to quit the WebKitPluginHost process. Safari sees that this process has died and automatically restarts it. Refreshing a page that was using the Flash plugin will then reload the plugin.

Open the Terminal from the Utilities folder in /Applications:

Type:  ps -ax | grep WebKitPluginHost

This will return something that looks like this:

16154 ?? 11:37.18 /System/Library/Frameworks/WebKit.framework/

Take the PID (Process ID) and kill it. It will be different each time. In the example above it is 16154.

Type: kill -9 16154 (substituting the correct PID).

Go back to Safari and refresh any pages that were using the Flash plugin.

Try this whenever Safari gets slow or freezes with the beachball. Flash 10.1 does appear to have improved the situation somewhat, but hasn’t eliminated it.

Browse in Privacy with Safari:

Under normal circumstances, Safari retains records of your web browsing activity. It remembers the pages you visit, the data you download, and your web searches. It may also store your personal data in order to automatically complete online forms.

While these features can save time and help you retrace your online steps, there are occasions when you might prefer to leave no footprints — for example, when browsing on a public computer.

The solution is simple: Before you begin browsing, go to the Safari menu and select Private Browsing. When the warning box appears, click OK. Now Safari stores none of the aforementioned info.

What if you decide you need privacy after you’ve been browsing?
You have several options: You can remove individual pages from Safari’s page-view history, erase the entire history, or clear all traces of your activity, including any cookies and cache files you may have accumulated.

To review the pages you’ve visited and delete them as desired, go to the History menu and select Show All History. Here you can select pages and clear them with the Delete key.
To wipe the entire Safari history, select Clear History from the History menu.
For a completely clean slate, go to the Safari menu and select Reset Safari.

Note that the Private Browsing option does not prevent Safari from collecting cookies (the preference files automatically generated by many websites). The Reset Safari option clears all cookies.
If you want to delete only certain ones, choose Preferences from the Safari menu, click the Security tab, and then click Show Cookies.
You can select and delete individual cookies from the list that appears.
Careful, though — if you’re a frequent web user, this list can be very, very long.

Searchin’ Safari:

Safari’s search features are more powerful than ever in Mac OS X Leopard.

To search a web page for text, type Command-f, which opens the Find banner near the top of the browser window. Type your search term. (No need to press Return.)

Safari instantly tells you how many times the term appears on the page. The first occurrence is indicated in your highlight color, and all subsequent ones are framed in white. The remainder of the page dims to gray.

You can advance from one occurrence to the next by pressing the Return key (or typing Command-g). Holding Shift while pressing return (or typing Command-Shift-g) steps you backwards between occurrences. When you’re finished, press the Done button next to the search field, closing the Find Banner.

For Google searches, just type Command-Option-f. This jumps your cursor to the main Search field, ready for you to type a search phrase.

It’s easy to revisit your Google search results. Each time you enter a new search, Safari remembers the search results page. Click through to as many pages as you like — if you want to snap back to the Search results, simply click the orange arrow to the right of the Search field.

Create a Bookmark:

You Tube, the Onion, Apple Hot News, your bank, your local Craigs List, Wikipedia — if you visit the same websites on a regular basis, you can save yourself some time and keystrokes by creating bookmarks for those sites. Let’s say you keep up with environmental news with regular visits to The easiest way to create a bookmark is to:

1. Go to the site for which you’d like to create a bookmark.
2. Click the + sign in the Safari toolbar.
3. In the Sheet that drops down, type “grist” (or whatever name you’d like to use for the site), choose the folder — “News,” for example — where you’d like to keep it, and click the Add button.

And you’re done. Next time you want to catch up on environmental news, instead of typing the name of the site, simply click the News folder (found in the Bookmarks bar of most Macs), and choose grist from the menu that appears.

Create Your Own Dashboard Widget:

Thanks to Mac OS X Leopard, you can make your own custom Dashboard widget. In seconds. They’re called Web Clip widgets, and they’re easy to create. Here’s how:

Click the Web Clip button in the Safari toolbar.

Position the clear box that appears over the Videos being watched right now section, click once to place it, then resize the box using the handles that appear along the sides of the box.

When it’s the size you want, click the Add button.

And your part’s done. Mac OS X Leopard does the rest, creating your widget and opening Dashboard, so you can check your handiwork. Since your new Web Clip is live, its contents will update automatically. Click the little information button in the lower, right-hand corner to customize your widget’s border.

One more thing. Click a video (or a link on a featured story), and Mac OS X Leopard closes Dashboard, launches Safari, and takes you to the page whose link you clicked.

Block Internet Ads:

Tired of seeing pop-ads when you visit websites? You can eliminate the vast majority of them quickly and easily in Safari. Here’s how:

1. Open Safari.
2. Choose Block Pop-Up Windows from the Safari menu

Wasn’t that easy?

Safari Shortcuts

General shortcuts:
up/down arrow key
Scroll page vertically by a small amount (more than click on scroll bar arrow)
left/right arrow key
Scroll page horizontally by a small amount (more than click on scroll bar arrow)
option-arrow keys
Scroll page by a screenful, minus a small overlap
Command-up/down arrow key
Scroll to top-left or bottom-left corner of web page
Scroll page down by a screenful, minus a small overlap
Delete key
Go Back
Shift-Delete key
Go Forward

Other browser window shortcuts:

Page Up key/Page Down key
Scroll page by a screenful, minus a small overlap
Home key
Scroll to top-left corner of web page
Command-Home key
Go to the Home page
End key
Scroll to bottom-left corner of web page
Esc key
If location field selected, restore viewed URL
Cmd-click a link
Open link in new window or tab
Cmd-Shift-click a link
Open link in new window or tab
Option-click a link
Download file
Shift-click the Add Bookmark button
Add bookmark directly to menu
Cmd-return in address field
Open page in new window or tab
Cmd-Shift-return in address field
Open page in new window or tab
Cmd-return in search field
Show search results in new window or tab
Cmd-Shift-return in search field
Show search results in new window or tab
Press and hold Back or Forward button
Pop up a menu showing up to 10 back/forward entries by page title
Option-press and hold Back or Forward button
Pop up a menu showing up to 10 back/forward entries by page URL
Select Next Tab
Select Previous Tab

Bookmarks view shortcuts:

Delete key
Delete selected bookmarks
Return key
Start or finish editing name of selected bookmark
Tab key
When editing, move to next editable cell
Open selected bookmark
Open selected bookmark
Open selected bookmark in a new window
Option-click New Folder button
Put selected items in new folder

Activity window shortcuts:

Open item in browser window
Download item

Downloads window shortcuts:

Option-click status field
Toggle between time remaining and download rate
Double-click file icon
Open the downloaded file

Menu shortcuts:

Select All
Add Bookmark…
Use Selection for Find
Find Again
Hide Safari
Jump to Selection
Block Pop-up Windows
Open Location…
New Window
Open File…
Quit Safari
Reload Page
Save As…
New Tab
Close Window or Close Tab
AutoFill Form
Show/Hide Bookmarks Bar
Add Bookmark to Menu
Find Previous
Add Bookmark Folder
Page Setup…
Show All Bookmarks
Show/Hide Dock (System-wide)
Empty Cache…
Google Search…
Hide Others
Mark Page for SnapBack
Minimize All
SnapBack to Page
SnapBack to Search
View Source
Close All Windows
Close All Windows
Cmd-1 to Cmd-9
first 9 bookmarks (not folders) in Bookmarks Toolbar
Safari Help
Show/Hide Status Bar
Show/Hide Address Bar
Show Page Load Test Window
Select Next Tab
Select Previous Tab