Take a tour
Your MacBook has the following features built in:
- USB-C port: Charge your computer, transfer data, connect to a display or projector, and more.
- 3.5 mm headphone jack: Plug in stereo headphones or a digital 5.1 surround-sound speaker system and experience high-quality sound while watching movies or listening to your favorite music.
- Dual microphones: Talk with friends or record audio.
- FaceTime camera: Make FaceTime video calls or take pictures and video. If the light is glowing, the camera is on. For more information, see FaceTime.
- Power button: Press and hold for three seconds to turn your MacBook on or off, or press to put it to sleep.
- Force Touch trackpad: Control your MacBook with gestures. The entire trackpad surface acts as a button so you can easily click anywhere. For more about using gestures, see Trackpad.
To use your MacBook, you need these two accessories, included in the box:
|USB-C Charge Cable (2 m): Connect one end to your MacBook and the other end to the USB-C Power Adapter.|
|29W USB-C Power Adapter: To charge your MacBook, fully extend the electrical prongs on the AC plug, and plug the adapter into an AC power outlet. (If necessary, first insert the AC plug into the power adapter.)|
For information about other accessories you can use with your MacBook, see Accessories.
The function keys on the keyboard provide shortcuts for common functions, such as increasing the volume or screen brightness.
- Power button: Press and hold for 3 seconds to turn your MacBook on or off. Press to put MacBook to sleep.
- Brightness keys (F1, F2): Press or to increase or decrease the brightness of the screen.
- Mission Control key (F3): Press to view what’s running on your MacBook, including all your spaces and open windows.
- Launchpad key (F4): Press to instantly see all the apps on your MacBook. Click an app to open it.
- Keyboard illumination keys (F5, F6): Press or to increase or decrease the brightness of the keyboard.
- Media keys (F7, F8, F9): Press to rewind, to play or pause, or to fast-forward a song, movie, or slideshow.
- Mute key (F10): Press to mute the sound from the built-in speakers or 3.5 mm headphone jack.
- Volume keys (F11, F12): Press or to increase or decrease the volume of sound from the built-in speakers or 3.5 mm headphone jack.
- Function (Fn) key: Each function key (on the top row) can also perform other functions—for example, the F12 key can open Dashboard. Hold down the Fn key while you press a function key to trigger the action associated with the key.
Tip: Press the Fn key twice to turn on dictation, which lets you dictate text wherever you can type it (for example, in Messages, Mail, Pages, and many other apps).
Set keyboard preferences. Use the Keyboard pane of System Preferences (choose Apple menu > System Preferences, click Keyboard, then click the buttons at the top to see the available options).
You can do a lot on your MacBook using simple trackpad gestures—scroll through webpages, zoom in on documents, rotate photos, and more. With the Force Touch trackpad, pressure-sensing capabilities add another level of interactivity. The trackpad provides feedback—when you drag or rotate objects, you feel a subtle vibration when they’re aligned, allowing you to work with greater precision.
Here are some common gestures:
|Click: Press anywhere on the trackpad. Or enable “Tap to click” in Trackpad preferences, and simply tap.|
|Force click: Click and then press deeper. You can use force click to look up more information—click a word to see its definition, or an address to see a preview that you can open in Maps.|
|Secondary click (right click): Click with two fingers to open shortcut menus. If “Tap to click” is enabled, tap with two fingers.|
|Two-finger scroll: Slide two fingers up or down to scroll.|
|Pinch to zoom: Pinch your thumb and finger open or closed to zoom in or out of photos and webpages.|
|Swipe to navigate: Swipe left or right with two fingers to flip through webpages, documents, and more—like turning a page in a book.|
|Open Launchpad: Quickly open apps in Launchpad. Pinch closed with four or five fingers, then click an app to open it.|
|Swipe between apps: To switch from one full-screen app to another, swipe left or right with three or four fingers.|
Customize your gestures. Choose Apple menu > System Preferences or click the System Preferences icon in the Dock, then click Trackpad.
In Trackpad preferences you can:
- Learn more about each gesture
- Set the pressure you prefer to use
- Decide whether to use pressure-sensing features
- Customize other trackpad features
Tip: If you find you’re force clicking when you don’t intend to, try adjusting the click pressure to a firmer setting in Trackpad preferences. Or change the “Look up and data detectors” option from the “Force Click with one finger” default setting to “Tap with three fingers.”
For more information and examples of force click options, see the Apple Support article Using a Force Touch trackpad.
Charge the battery
The battery in your MacBook recharges whenever the MacBook is connected to power.
Charge the battery. Connect your MacBook to a power outlet using the included cable and USB-C Power Adapter. You’ll hear a chime that indicates the battery is charging. The battery recharges more quickly when the computer is off or in sleep.
Check the battery’s charge. Look at the battery status icon at the right of the menu bar to see the battery level or charging status. Click the icon to show how much power you have left if you keep using your MacBook as you’re currently using it.
Conserve battery power. To extend battery life on a given charge, you can reduce the display brightness, close apps, and disconnect peripheral devices you’re not using. You can change your power settings in Energy Saver preferences (click the System Preferences icon in the Dock, then click Energy Saver). If your MacBook is in sleep when a device is connected to it, the device’s battery may drain.
For more information about the internal, rechargeable battery in your MacBook, and for conservation and performance tips, go to Apple Lithium-ion Batteries.
The following accessories are available to connect your MacBook to power and use it with other devices and displays. Use the USB port on these adapters to connect to standard USB accessories, including cameras and thumb drives. Connect a USB cable to sync and charge your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch.
|USB-C to USB Adapter: Connect your MacBook to standard USB accessories.|
|USB-C Digital AV Multiport Adapter: Connect your MacBook to an HDMI display, while also connecting a standard USB device and connecting a USB-C charging cable to charge your MacBook.|
|USB-C VGA Multiport Adapter: Connect your MacBook to a VGA display, while also connecting a standard USB device and connecting a USB-C charging cable to charge your MacBook.|
Adapters and other accessories are sold separately at apple.com or your local Apple Store. Review the documentation or check with the manufacturer to make sure you’re choosing the right adapter.
Note: Some USB accessories are not supported.
Use an external display
The USB-C port on your MacBook supports video output. You can use an external display, a projector, or an HDTV with your MacBook.
- Connect a VGA display or projector: Use a USB-C VGA Multiport Adapter to connect the display to the USB-C port on your MacBook.
- Connect an HDMI display or HDTV: Use a USB-C Digital AV Multiport Adapter to connect the HDMI display or HDTV to the USB-C port on your MacBook.
- Connect a USB-C display: Connect the display to the USB-C port on your MacBook.
If you have an HDTV connected to an Apple TV, you can also use AirPlay to mirror your MacBook screen on your TV screen in up to 1080p HD. See AirPlay for details.
The first time you turn on your MacBook, Setup Assistant walks you through the simple steps needed to start using your new Mac. If you want to transfer your data from another computer, see Migrate your data for details.
To get the most out of your MacBook, be sure to connect to Wi-Fi, turn on Bluetooth® wireless technology, get an Apple ID, then sign in to iCloud. You can also activate Siri if you want. You can do these steps quickly and easily with Setup Assistant—but if you want to do them later, here’s how:
Connect to Wi-Fi. Click the Wi-Fi status icon in the menu bar, then choose a Wi-Fi network and enter the password, if necessary.
Turn Wi-Fi on or off. Click the Wi-Fi status icon in the menu bar, then choose Turn Wi-Fi On or Turn Wi-Fi Off.
Turn Bluetooth on or off. Click the Bluetooth icon in the menu bar, then choose Turn Bluetooth On or Turn Bluetooth Off.
Tip: If you don’t see the Wi-Fi status icon or Bluetooth icon in the menu bar, you can add them. For Wi-Fi, choose Apple menu > System Preferences, then click Network. Click Wi-Fi in the list on the left, then select “Show Wi-Fi status in menu bar.” For Bluetooth, choose Apple menu > System Preferences, click Bluetooth, then select “Show Bluetooth in menu bar.”
Get an Apple ID. Your Apple ID is the account you use for everything you do with Apple—including using the App Store, the iTunes Store, iCloud, iMessage, and more. Your Apple ID consists of an email address and a password. You need only one Apple ID to use any Apple service, on any device—whether it’s your computer, iOS device, or Apple Watch. It’s best to have your own Apple ID and not share it—create separate Apple IDs for each family member.
If you don’t already have an Apple ID, you can create one (it’s free). Go to the Apple ID account website.
Important: If you forget your Apple ID password, you don’t need to create a new Apple ID. Just click the Forgot link in the login window to retrieve your password.
Set up iCloud on your MacBook. With iCloud, you can store all of your content—documents, movies, music, photos, and more—in the cloud, and access it anywhere you go.
To set up iCloud, choose Apple menu > System Preferences, then click iCloud. In the window that appears, enter your Apple ID and password. Then select the features you want to use. To find out more, see Access your content anywhere with iCloud.
Important: Be sure to use the same Apple ID for iCloud on all your devices.
For information about setting up and using Siri on your MacBook, see Siri.
Unlock your MacBook with Apple Watch
Use your authenticated Apple Watch to automatically unlock your sleeping MacBook when you’re within about three meters of your computer. Just wake your Mac and start using it—no need to enter a password. Auto Unlock uses strong encryption to provide secure communication between your Apple Watch and MacBook.
Note: Auto Unlock is a feature for Macs (mid-2013 or later), running macOS Sierra, and Apple Watch running watchOS 3.
Set up two-factor authentication for your Apple ID. Auto Unlock works when your Apple ID has two-factor authentication turned on. Go to Apple menu > System Preferences > iCloud > Account Details, click Security, then select Set Up Two-Factor Authentication. For more information, see the Apple Support article Two-factor authentication for Apple ID.
Make sure “Disable automatic login” is also selected. (You won’t see this option if you’re using FileVault, but you can still use the Auto Unlock feature.)
Set up Auto Unlock. Sign in to iCloud with the same Apple ID on all your devices, then click the System Preferences icon in the Dock, or choose Apple menu > System Preferences. Click Security & Privacy, then select “Allow your Apple Watch to unlock your Mac.”
Note: Auto Unlock works only when your Apple Watch is authenticated. You authenticate your Apple Watch each time you put it on, so no extra steps are required after you enter your passcode.
Skip the sign-in. Walk up to your sleeping MacBook wearing your authenticated Apple Watch on your wrist, and lift the cover or press a key to wake your Mac. Apple Watch unlocks your Mac so you can get right to work.
With Continuity, you can seamlessly move among your iOS devices and your MacBook. Just sign in to your iCloud account on your MacBook and your iOS devices, and whenever they’re near each other, they work together in great ways. Continuity features described in this section include Handoff, Universal Clipboard, iPhone cellular calls, SMS messaging, and Instant Hotspot.
Other Continuity features include Auto Unlock (see Unlock your MacBook with Apple Watch), Apple Pay (seeApple Pay), and AirDrop (see AirDrop). For a list of system requirements for devices that support Continuity, see the Apple Support article System Requirements for Continuity.
With Handoff, you can pick up on one device where you left off on another. Work on a presentation on your MacBook, then continue on your iPad. Or start an email message on your iPhone, then finish it on your MacBook. View a message on your Apple Watch, and respond to it on your MacBook. You don’t have to worry about transferring files. When your MacBook and devices are near each other, an icon appears in the Dock whenever an activity is being handed off; to continue, just click the icon.
Turn on Handoff on your MacBook. Click the System Preferences icon in the Dock, click General, then select “Allow Handoff between this Mac and your iCloud devices.”
Turn on Handoff on your iOS device. Go to Settings > General > Handoff & Suggested Apps, then tap to turn on Handoff. If you don’t see the option, your iOS device doesn’t support Handoff.
Turn on Handoff on your Apple Watch. In the Apple Watch app on iPhone, go to Settings > General, then tap to turn on Enable Handoff.
Note: To use Handoff, you need an iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch with the Lightning connector and iOS 8 (or later) installed. Make sure your MacBook and iOS device have Wi-Fi and Bluetooth turned on and are signed in to the same iCloud account.
Handoff works with Safari, Mail, Calendar, Contacts, Maps, Messages, Notes, Reminders, Keynote, Numbers, and Pages.
Copy content from one device, and paste it into another nearby device within a short period of time. The contents of your clipboard are sent over Wi-Fi and made available to all Mac and iOS devices logged in with the same Apple ID that have Handoff, Wi-Fi, and Bluetooth turned on. See Handoff for more information.
Note: To use Universal Clipboard, you need an iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch with the Lightning connector and iOS 10 (or later) installed.
Use across apps. You can copy and paste images, text, photos, and video between any apps that support copy and paste on your Mac, iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
You can take calls—and make them—right from your MacBook.
Note: A Wi-Fi connection is required in order to make or receive phone calls on your MacBook.
Take a call. When someone calls your iPhone, click the notification that appears on your MacBook screen. Your MacBook becomes a speakerphone.
Make a call. Click a phone number in a Spotlight search, or in an app such as FaceTime, Contacts, Safari, or Calendar. A nearby device (iPhone, iPad) with a cellular connection is required in order to make phone calls.
Send and receive SMS and MMS text messages right from your MacBook. When friends and family text you, you can respond with whichever device is closest. All messages appear on your MacBook, iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, and Apple Watch.
Note: To set up this feature, go to Messages > Preferences and click Accounts.
Lost your Wi-Fi connection? Use the Personal Hotspot on your iPhone or iPad to connect your MacBook to the Internet.
Note: Personal Hotspot requires an iPhone or cellular model iPad, with iOS 8 or later.
Connect to your device’s Personal Hotspot. Click the Wi-Fi status icon in the menu bar, then choose your iPhone or iPad in the list of devices that appears. (You don’t need to do anything on your device—MacBook connects automatically.)
Check the status of your connection. Look in the Wi-Fi status menu to see the strength of the cellular signal.
When you’re not using the hotspot, your MacBook disconnects to save battery life.
To learn more about using Instant Hotspot, messages, phone calls, and Handoff with your MacBook, open Mac Help (see Mac Help). See the Apple Support article Use Continuity to connect your iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, and Mac or go to Mac and iOS.
Quickly open apps
Your MacBook comes with apps for all the things you love to do—browse the web, check email, share photos, enjoy movies, and more.
Open an app. Click an app icon in the Dock, or click the Launchpad icon in the Dock and click the app you want. You can also search for an app using Spotlight, then open the app directly from your Spotlight search results.
Ask Siri. Say something like: “Open Calculator.”
Organize apps in Launchpad. Launchpad organizes your apps in a grid. Drag an app to a new location to rearrange apps. Drag an app onto another app to create a folder. Drag more apps to the new folder to add them. To remove an app from a folder, drag it out.
Get more apps. Click the App Store icon in the Dock and search for apps you want. Apps you download from the App Store appear automatically in Launchpad. To quickly get updates for apps and macOS, click Updates in the App Store.
Save space on your MacBook
macOS Sierra frees up space on your MacBook and helps you save space as you work. You can set options to free up even more space on your MacBook.
Optimize storage. Set options in the Recommendations pane. Go to Apple menu > About This Mac, click Storage, then click Details. When your Mac is low on storage, you’ll see an alert that will open the Recommendations pane.
Set options to:
- Optimize iCloud Storage:
- Store files in iCloud, where they stay secure and available. You can turn on iCloud Drive to store files on your desktop and in your Documents folder in iCloud.
- Turn on iCloud Photo Library to store items from the Photos app in iCloud.
For more information, see Access your content anywhere with iCloud.
- Optimize Storage: Remove iTunes movies and TV shows you’ve watched, and keep only recent email attachments.
- Erase Trash Automatically: Automatically erase items that have been in the Trash for more than 30 days.
- Reduce Clutter: Review documents and delete older ones stored on your MacBook.
macOS Sierra also prevents you from downloading the same file twice from Safari, alerts you to remove installer software when you finish installing a new app, clears logs and caches that are safe to remove when you’re low on storage, and more, to help you save space as you work.
Back up and restore
To keep your files safe, it’s important to back up your MacBook regularly. The easiest way to back up is to use Time Machine—which is built into your MacBook—with a wireless AirPort Time Capsule (sold separately), or an external storage device connected to your MacBook.
Files stored in iCloud Drive and photos in iCloud Photo Library are automatically backed up to iCloud and don’t need to be part of your Time Machine or other backup.
Set up Time Machine. Make sure your MacBook is on the same Wi-Fi network as your AirPort Time Capsule, or connect your AirPort Time Capsule or external storage device to your MacBook. Click the System Preferences icon in the Dock, click Time Machine, then click On. Select the drive you want to use for backup, and you’re all set.
- Automatically backs up everything on your MacBook, including system files, apps, accounts, preferences, music, photos, movies, and documents.
- Remembers how everything looked on any given day, so you can revisit your MacBook as it appeared in the past or retrieve an older version of a document.
- Lets you restore your MacBook from a Time Machine backup. So if anything happens to your MacBook, your files and settings are safe and sound.
To learn more about backing up and restoring your MacBook, go to Mac Help (see Mac Help) and search for “Time Machine,” “external storage device,” “backup,” or “restore.” To learn more about AirPort Time Capsule, go to Airport Time Capsule.
AirPort Time Capsule is sold separately at apple.com or your local Apple Store.
Important safety information
WARNING: Failure to follow these safety instructions could result in fire, electric shock, or other injuries, or damage to your MacBook or other property. Read all safety information below before using your MacBook.
Built-in battery. Don’t attempt to replace or remove the battery yourself—you may damage the battery, which could cause overheating and injury. The lithium-ion battery in your MacBook should be replaced by Apple or an authorized service provider, and must be recycled or disposed of separately from household waste. Don’t expose your MacBook to extreme heat sources, such as radiators or fireplaces, where temperatures might exceed 212°F (100°C).
For information about battery service and recycling, go to Battery Service and Recycling.
Handling. Handle your MacBook with care. It is made of metal, glass, and plastic and has sensitive electronic components inside. Place your MacBook on a stable work surface that allows for adequate air circulation under and around the computer. Your MacBook can be damaged if dropped, burned, punctured, or crushed, or if it comes in contact with liquids, oils, and lotions. Don’t use a damaged MacBook, such as one with a cracked screen, as it may cause injury.
Liquid exposure. Keep your MacBook away from sources of liquid, such as drinks, oils, lotions, washbasins, bathtubs, shower stalls, and so on. Protect your MacBook from dampness, humidity, or wet weather, such as rain, snow, and fog.
Repairing. Your MacBook doesn’t have any user-serviceable parts. Do not open or disassemble MacBook or attempt to repair it or replace any components. Disassembling your MacBook may damage it or may cause injury to you. If your MacBook needs service, is damaged, malfunctions, or comes in contact with liquid, contact Apple or an Apple-authorized repair center, such as an Apple Authorized Service Provider. If you attempt to open your MacBook, you risk damaging your computer, and such damage isn’t covered by the limited warranty on your MacBook.
Navigation. Maps, directions, and location-based apps depend on data services. These data services are subject to change and may not be available in all areas, resulting in maps, directions, or location-based information that may be unavailable, inaccurate, or incomplete. Compare the information provided on your MacBook to your surroundings and defer to posted signs to resolve any discrepancies. Do not use these services while performing activities that require your full attention. Always comply with posted signs and the laws and regulations in the areas where you are using your MacBook and always use common sense.
Charging. Charge MacBook only with the included 29W USB-C Power Adapter, or with other third-party cables and power adapters that are compatible with USB-C and are compliant with applicable regulations.
Using damaged cables or chargers, or charging when moisture is present, can cause fire, electric shock, injury, or damage to your MacBook or other property. When you use the included 29W USB-C Power Adapter to charge your MacBook, make sure the USB-C Charge Cable (2m) is fully inserted into the power adapter before you plug the adapter into a power outlet.
Prolonged heat exposure. Your MacBook and its 29W USB-C Power Adapter may become very warm during normal use. The MacBook and its 29W USB-C Power Adapter comply with applicable surface temperature standards and limits defined by the International Standard for Safety of Information Technology Equipment (IEC 60950-1). However, even within these limits, sustained contact with warm surfaces for long periods of time may cause discomfort or injury.
Use common sense to avoid situations where your skin is in prolonged contact with a device or its power adapter when it’s operating or plugged into a power source. For example, don’t sleep with a device or power adapter when it’s plugged into a power source. Don’t operate your MacBook on a pillow, blanket, or other soft material that can block ventilation openings. It’s important to keep your MacBook and its 29W USB-C Power Adapter in a well-ventilated area when in use or charging.
Never push anything into the ventilation openings, as doing so may be dangerous and cause your computer to overheat. Never place anything over the keyboard when operating your MacBook. If your MacBook is on your lap and gets uncomfortably warm, remove it from your lap and place it on a stable, well-ventilated work surface. Take special care if you have a physical condition that affects your ability to detect heat against the body.
29W USB-C Power Adapter. To operate the 29W USB-C Power Adapter safely and reduce the possibility of heat-related injury or damage, do one of the following:
- Plug the 29W USB-C Power Adapter directly into a power outlet.
- If you’re using the Power Adapter Extension Cable, place the power adapter on a desk, table, or on the floor in a well-ventilated location.
Disconnect the power adapter and any cables if any of the following conditions exists:
- You want to clean the case (use only the recommended procedure, described in Important handling information).
- The power cord or plug becomes frayed or otherwise damaged.
- Your MacBook or 29W USB-C Power Adapter is exposed to rain, excessive moisture, or liquid spilled into the case.
- Your MacBook or 29W USB-C Power Adapter has been dropped, the case has been damaged, or you suspect that service or repair is required.
If debris gets onto the power port, remove it gently with a dry cotton swab.
29W USB-C Power Adapter specifications:
- Frequency: 50 to 60 Hz, single phase
- Line Voltage: 100 to 240 Vac
- Output Voltage: 14.5 V DC, 2.0 A or 5.2 V DC, 2.4 A
Take special care if you have a physical condition that affects your ability to detect heat against the body.
Hearing loss. Listening to sound at high volumes may damage your hearing. Background noise, as well as continued exposure to high volume levels, can make sounds seem quieter than they actually are. Use only compatible earbuds, headphones, or earpieces with your MacBook. Turn on the audio and check the volume before inserting anything into your ear. For more information about hearing loss, see Sound and Hearing.
WARNING: To prevent possible hearing damage, do not listen at high volume levels for long periods.
Radio frequency exposure. MacBook uses radio signals to connect to wireless networks. For information about radio frequency (RF) energy resulting from radio signals and steps you can take to minimize exposure, see RF Exposure.
Medical device interference. MacBook contains components and radios that emit electromagnetic fields, which may interfere with pacemakers, defibrillators, or other medical devices. Maintain a safe distance of separation between your medical device and MacBook. Consult your physician and medical device manufacturer for information specific to your medical device. If you suspect MacBook is interfering with your pacemaker or any other medical device, stop using MacBook.
Medical conditions. If you have a medical condition that you believe could be affected by using MacBook (for example, seizures, blackouts, eyestrain, or headaches), consult with your physician prior to using MacBook.
Repetitive motion. When you perform repetitive activities such as typing or playing games on MacBook, you may experience discomfort in your hands, arms, wrists, shoulders, neck, or other parts of your body. If you experience discomfort, stop using MacBook and consult a physician.
Choking hazard. Some MacBook accessories may present a choking hazard to small children. Keep these accessories away from small children.
High-consequence activities. Your MacBook is not intended for use where the failure of the computer could lead to death, personal injury, or severe environmental damage.
Explosive atmospheres. Charging or using your MacBook in any area with a potentially explosive atmosphere, such as areas where the air contains high levels of flammable chemicals, vapors, or particles (such as grain, dust, or metal powders), may be hazardous. Obey all signs and instructions.
Important handling information
Operating environment. Operating your MacBook outside these ranges may affect performance:
- Operating temperature: 50° to 95° F (10° to 35° C)
- Storage temperature: -13° to 113° F (-25° to 45° C)
- Relative humidity: 0% to 90% (noncondensing)
- Operating altitude: Tested up to 10,000 feet (0 to 3048 meters)
Carrying your MacBook. If you carry your MacBook in a bag or briefcase, make sure there are no loose items (such as paper clips or coins) that could accidentally get inside the computer through vent openings or get stuck inside the USB-C port.
Using connectors and ports. Never force a connector into the USB-C port. When connecting a device, make sure the port is free of debris, that the connector matches the port, and that you have positioned the connector correctly in relation to the port.
Using the USB-C Charge Cable (2m). Certain usage patterns can contribute to the fraying or breaking of cables. The USB-C Charge Cable, like any other metal wire or cable, is subject to becoming weak or brittle if repeatedly bent in the same spot. Aim for gentle curves instead of angles in the cable. Regularly inspect the cable and connectors for any kinks, breaks, bends, or other damage. Should you find any such damage, discontinue use of the USB-C Charge Cable.
Storing your MacBook. If you are going to store your MacBook for an extended period of time, keep it in a cool location (ideally, 71° F or 22° C) and discharge the battery to 50 percent. When storing your computer for longer than five months, maintain the capacity of the battery by charging the battery to 50 percent every six months or so.
Cleaning your MacBook. When cleaning the outside of your MacBook and its components, first shut down your MacBook, then unplug the 29W USB-C Power Adapter. Then dampen a clean, soft, lint-free cloth to wipe the MacBook exterior. Avoid getting moisture in any openings. Don’t spray liquid directly on the computer. Don’t use aerosol sprays, solvents, abrasives, or cleaners containing hydrogen peroxide that might damage the finish.
Cleaning the MacBook screen. To clean your MacBook screen, first shut down your MacBook and unplug the 29W USB-C Power Adapter. Dampen a clean, soft, lint-free cloth with just water and wipe the screen. Don’t spray liquid directly on the screen.
You can press key combinations to do things on your MacBook that you’d normally do with a trackpad, mouse, or other device. Here’s a list of commonly used keyboard shortcuts.
|Command-X||Cut the selected item and copy it to the Clipboard.|
|Command-C||Copy the selected item to the Clipboard.|
|Command-V||Paste the contents of the Clipboard into the current document or app.|
|Command-Z||Undo the previous command. Press Command-Z again to redo.|
|Command-A||Select all items.|
|Command-F||Open a Find window, or find items in a document.|
|Command-G||Find again, or find the next occurrence of the item you’re searching for. Press Command-Shift-G to find the previous occurrence.|
|Command-H||Hide the windows of the front app. Press Command-Option-H to view the front app but hide all other apps.|
|Command-M||Minimize the front window to the Dock. Press Command-Option-M to minimize all windows of the front app.|
|Command-N||Open a new document or window.|
|Command-O||Open the selected item, or open a dialog to select a file to open.|
|Command-P||Print the current document.|
|Command-S||Save the current document.|
|Command-W||Close the front window. Press Command-Option-W to close all windows of the app.|
|Command-Q||Quit the app.|
|Command-Option-Esc||Choose an app to Force Quit.|
|Command-Tab||Switch to the next most recently used app among your open apps.|
|Command-Shift-3||Take a screenshot of the entire screen. Press Command-Shift-4 to take a screenshot of a selected area of the screen.|
If you switched to the Mac from a PC, or if you like to use the keyboard instead of the trackpad, check out Switching PC Habits for a list of Mac keyboard shortcuts and the differences between Mac and Windows keyboards. For a more complete list of keyboard shortcuts, see the Apple Support article Mac keyboard shortcuts.
Your MacBook comes with a collection of great apps for things you do every day, like surfing the web, sending mail and messages, and arranging your calendar. It also comes with apps like Photos, iMovie, GarageBand, Pages, Numbers, and Keynote—so you can be creative and productive right from the start. The apps that come with your MacBook are described in the following sections.
Find even more apps. Click the App Store icon in the Dock to find apps for everything you want to do. SeeApp Store to learn more.
Get help for any app. Click the Help menu (in the menu bar at the top of the screen) when you’re using the app.
Mac Help has a lot more information about how to use your MacBook.
Get help. Click the Finder icon in the Dock, then click the Help menu in the menu bar and choose Mac Help. Or type a question or term in the search field, then choose a topic in the results list.
Explore topics. To find a topic in Mac Help, you can browse or search. To browse, click “Show topics” to see the list of topics, then click a topic to read it. Or type what you want to find in the search field to go right to your answer.
Find out what’s new. Click the Help menu, then choose “What’s New in macOS” to find out more about the latest features of macOS.
Tip: If you can’t remember the location of a menu item in an app, search for it in Help. Place the pointer over the result, and an arrow shows you the command.
Using USB-C and Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C) ports and adapters on your Mac notebook
Learn about the power, data-transfer, and video capabilities of the USB-C or Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C) ports on your Mac notebook. Also learn about the adapters and cables you can use with these ports.
USB-C and Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C) ports
USB-C is a next-generation industry standard that allows charging, data transfer, and video—all in one simple connector.
MacBook (Retina, 12-inch, Early 2015) and later has one USB-C port.
MacBook Pro (13-inch, Late 2016, Two Thunderbolt 3 Ports), MacBook Pro (13-inch, Late 2016, Four Thunderbolt 3 Ports), and MacBook Pro (15-inch, Late 2016) have either two or four ports with additional Thunderbolt 3 features built in. You can learn more about what Thunderbolt 3 over USB-C ports brings to your MacBook Pro.
Through USB-C ports, you can:
- Charge your Mac.
- Provide power out.
- Transfer data between your Mac and other devices.
- Connect video output such as HDMI, VGA, and DisplayPort (requires adapter).
- Connect to other technologies, such as Ethernet (requires adapter).
- Connect Thunderbolt displays and accessories to MacBook Pro (13-inch, Late 2016, Two Thunderbolt 3 Ports), MacBook Pro (13-inch, Late 2016, Four Thunderbolt 3 Ports), or MacBook Pro (15-inch, Late 2016) with an adapter.
The USB-C port on your MacBook supports data transfer speeds at up to 5 Gbps (USB 3.1 Gen 1). On MacBook Pro, the ports support Thunderbolt data transfer at up to 40Gbps and USB data-transfer at up to 10 Gbps (USB 3.1 Gen 2).
29W, 61W, or 87W USB-C Power Adapter and USB-C Charge Cable
The Apple 29W, 61W, or 87W USB-C Power Adapter and a USB-C Charge Cable are included in the box with your Mac. Connect the adapter to the charge cable to charge your Mac.
Your Mac will charge from USB-C power adapters not manufactured by Apple if they adhere to the USB Power Delivery specification.
You can also use the USB-C Charge Cable to transfer data at USB 2.0 (480 Mbps) speeds between your Mac and another USB-C device.
Additional USB-C adapters and cables (sold separately) allow you to use the USB-C port to connect displays and other devices to your Mac. See the sections below for more information.
USB-C to Lightning Cable
The Apple USB-C to Lightning Cable lets you connect any iOS device with a Lightning connector to your Mac. It provides data transfer and power to iOS devices. For example, you can use this cable to connect your Mac to these devices:
- iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch
- Magic Mouse 2
- Magic Keyboard
- Magic Trackpad 2
You can also charge these devices without using your Mac by connecting them to the USB-C to Lightning Cable and plugging the cable into the 29W, 61W, or 87W USB-C power adapter.
The USB-C to Lightning Cable supports data transfer at up to USB 2.0 (480 Mbps) speeds.
This cable requires no power to operate. However, devices that you plug into it might draw power from your Mac, so you should disconnect it when you’re not using it.
USB-C to USB Adapter
The Apple USB-C to USB Adapter lets you connect your Mac to any standard USB (USB-A) device or hub for data transfer and charging. For example, you can use this adapter to connect your Mac to these devices:
- Portable flash drive
- Hard drive
- Digital camera
- Powered USB 3 hub
- USB to Ethernet Adapter
- Lightning to USB Cable for charging and syncing your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch
The USB-C to USB Adapter supports data transfer at up to 5 Gbps (USB 3.1 Gen 1).
This adapter requires no power to operate. However, devices that you plug into it might draw power from your Mac, so you should disconnect it when you’re not using it.
Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C) to Thunderbolt 2 Adapter
The Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C) Thunderbolt 2 Adapter allows you to connect these devices to your MacBook Pro with Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C) ports:
- Thunderbolt (10 Gbps) devices
- Thunderbolt 2 (20 Gbps) devices
- Thunderbolt displays
For example, you can use this adapter to connect your Mac to an Apple Thunderbolt Display or third-party Thunderbolt 2 storage device.
- MacBook Pro (15-inch, Late 2016)
- MacBook Pro (13-inch, Late 2016, Four Thunderbolt 3 Ports)
- MacBook Pro (13-inch, Late 2016, Two Thunderbolt 3 Ports)
USB-C Digital AV Multiport Adapter
The USB-C Digital AV Multiport Adapter allows you to simultaneously:
- Charge your Mac.
- Connect to other standard USB (USB-A) devices or hubs.
- Connect your Mac to external HDMI video devices such as a TV, projector, or display.
The HDMI port on this adapter supports the following:
- TVs, displays, and projectors that you connect via HDMI
- HDMI 1.4b
- 720p and 1080p HDTVs, projectors, and displays at up to 1920 x 1200 resolution
- 4K Ultra-HD TVs and displays with the following resolutions (learn more):
- 3840 x 2160 at 30Hz
- 4096 x 2160 at 24Hz
The USB-A port on this adapter supports data transfer at up to 5 Gbps (USB 3.1 Gen 1). Connect standard USB devices or hubs.
The USB-C port on this adapter charges your computer, but it doesn’t transfer data. Use the supplied 29W, 61W, or 87W USB-C Power Adapter and USB-C Charge Cable to charge your Mac.
This adapter draws power from your MacBook even when the Mac is asleep. If your computer isn’t connected to AC power, be sure to unplug the adapter to avoid draining your battery.
USB-C VGA Multiport Adapter
The Apple USB-C VGA Multiport Adapter allows you to simultaneously:
- Charge your Mac
- Connect to other standard USB (USB-A) devices or hubs
- Connect your Mac to external VGA video devices such as a TV, projector, or display.
The VGA port on this adapter supports TVs, displays, and projectors that you connect via VGA. It supports these at resolutions up to 1920 x 1200.
The USB-A port on this adapter supports data transfer at up to 5 Gbps (USB 3.1 Gen 1). Connect standard USB devices or hubs.
The USB-C port on this adapter charges your computer, but it doesn’t transfer data. Use the supplied 29W, 61W, or 87W USB-C Power Adapter and USB-C Charge Cable to charge your Mac.
This adapter draws power from your Mac even when the Mac is asleep. If your computer isn’t connected to AC power, be sure to unplug the adapter to avoid draining your battery.
USB hubs and devices
You can connect USB hubs and devices to the USB-C adapters as described above.
USB hubs and other USB devices that supply power won’t charge your Mac. Use the supplied 29W, 61W, or 87W USB-C Power Adapter and USB-C Charge Cable to charge your Mac.
Some USB drives might not appear in the Finder when you plug them in. Try plugging the drive into the adapter before plugging the adapter into your Mac. Or try connecting the drive through a powered USB-A hub.
- G-Tech G-DRIVE mobile USB 3.0 Hard Drive
- Apple USB SuperDrive manufactured before Fall 2010 (learn more)
You can connect your Mac to Ethernet using certain adapters, like the Belkin USB-C to Gigabit Ethernet Adapter. If you use another third-party USB to Ethernet adapter, check with the manufacturer to see if you need any additional drivers.
Transfer data to and from MacBook with USB-C port
Your MacBook with USB-C ports supports USB target disk mode. You can enable target disk mode and use the following USB-C cables to transfer data. These cables are not currently available from Apple.
- USB 3.0 or USB 3.1 USB-C Cable (USB-C to USB-C): Use this cable to migrate data from a MacBook with a USB-C port to another MacBook with a USB-C port using the Setup Assistant or Migration Assistant application.
- USB 3.0 or USB 3.1 USB-A to USB-C Cable: Use this cable to manually transfer data from any Mac with USB-A port(s) to your MacBook with USB-C port. This cable cannot be used to migrate data using the Setup Assistant or Migration Assistant application.
The USB-C Charge Cable (2m) that came with your MacBook does not support target disk mode.
To enable target disk mode, hold down the T key while starting the MacBook that you want to use as the disk. Then connect either of the USB-C cables described above.
Transfer data to and from MacBook Pro with Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C) ports
If your Mac notebook has more than one Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C) port, it’s a MacBook Pro. You can use Migration Assistant or target disk mode to transfer data between MacBook Pro models with Thunderbolt 3 ports and other Macs.
To transfer data between a MacBook Pro with Thunderbolt 3 ports and another Mac notebook with USB-C, connect the two computers with a USB-C cable such as the Belkin 3.1 USB-C to USB-C Cable. Then follow the steps for using Migration Assistant or target disk mode to move your files.
To transfer data between a MacBook Pro with Thunderbolt 3 ports and another Mac with Thunderbolt, connect a Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C) to Thunderbolt 2 Adapter to your MacBook Pro and use a Thunderbolt cable to connect the adapter to the other Mac. Then follow the steps for using Migration Assistant or target disk mode to move your files.
More resources, service, and support
You can find more information about your MacBook in System Report, in Apple Diagnostics, and through online resources.
System Report. To get information about your MacBook, use System Report. It shows you what hardware and software is installed, the serial number and operating system version, how much memory is installed, and more. To open System Report, choose Apple menu > About This Mac, then click System Report.
Apple Diagnostics. You can use Apple Diagnostics to help determine if there’s a problem with one of the computer’s components, such as the memory or processor. Apple Diagnostics helps to identify the potential source of a hardware issue and provides first steps to try and resolve it. Apple Diagnostics will also help you get in touch with Apple Support if you need more help.
Before using Apple Diagnostics, disconnect any external devices, such as a hard disk or external display. Be sure your MacBook is connected to the Internet.
To start Apple Diagnostics, restart your MacBook and hold down the D key as it starts up. If prompted, select the language for your location. Press the Return key or click the right arrow button. The basic Apple Diagnostics test takes a few minutes to complete. If an issue is found, a description of the issue appears with additional instructions. Make a note of any reference codes before you exit Apple Diagnostics.
Online resources. For online service and support information, go to Welcome to Apple Support. You can learn about Apple products, view online manuals, and check for software updates. Connect with other Apple users, and get service, support, and professional advice from Apple.
AppleCare support. If you need assistance, AppleCare representatives can help you with installing and opening apps, and with troubleshooting. Call the support center number nearest you (the first 90 days are complimentary). Have the purchase date and your MacBook serial number ready when you call.
Your 90 days of complimentary telephone support begins on the date of purchase.
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Telephone numbers are subject to change, and local and national telephone rates may apply. A complete list is available on the web at Contact Apple for support and service.